Your Credit Score: What it means

Before lenders decide to lend you money, they must know if you're willing and able to pay back that mortgage. To assess your ability to repay, lenders assess your debt-to-income ratio. To assess your willingness to repay, they use your credit score.

The most widely used credit scores are FICO scores, which Fair Isaac & Company, a financial analytics agency, developed. Your FICO score ranges from 350 (high risk) to 850 (low risk). We've written a lot more about FICO here.

Your credit score is a result of your history of repayment. They don't consider income or personal characteristics. Fair Isaac invented FICO specifically to exclude demographic factors. Credit scoring was developed to assess a borrower's willingness to repay the loan while specifically excluding other personal factors.

Deliquencies, derogatory payment behavior, debt level, length of credit history, types of credit and number of inquiries are all calculated into credit scoring. Your score reflects both the good and the bad of your credit report. Late payments lower your score, but establishing or reestablishing a good track record of making payments on time will raise your score.

Your report must contain at least one account which has been open for six months or more, and at least one account that has been updated in the past six months for you to get a credit score. This payment history ensures that there is enough information in your report to assign a score. Should you not meet the criteria for getting a credit score, you might need to establish a credit history before you apply for a mortgage loan.

Executive Lending Group, LLC can answer your questions about credit reporting. Give us a call at (816) 525-8000.

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